Bird Flu Protection And The Measures Taken To Safeguard Ourselves
Fowl flu is caused by the influenza A type of virus which happens to be hosted by birds and some animal species like pigs, horses, etc . and just like any other influenza virus the item propagates via air, water, direct contact, body drinks and excreta. With the flu virus being airborne, often the contamination in air could be reasonably high during epidemics and/or pandemic outbreak. Infected people carry the flu virus with them wherever they travel and spread them in the air and on objects they touch via their nasal secretions and bodily discharges. This makes such diseases for example human influenza and bird flu contagious.
The preventive measures include combinations of various partly effective methods like vaccination, immunization, isolation, mass killing (when poultry birds get hold of infected), and use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).
The kind of PPE device is a mask worn by people being or working in contaminated environments. Nose and mouth respirators or ‘Masks’ contain filters that keep out health issues viruses of sizes as low as 0. 3 microns. Typically the droplets containing the flu virus in a human sneeze, cough or spit are 0. 5 micron diverse and are difficult to filter using conventional (surgical) KN95 Face Mask.
Usage of procedural and surgical masks has been widespread for curtailing the spread of common respiratory diseases. Recently these folks used by personnel involved in controlling SARS. However , Centre just for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that there were no scientific studies which unquestionably establish masks as hundred percent effective in preventing the spread of the flu strain.
The masks that are recommended for especially bird influenza are N-95, NIOSH approved ones which are capable of selection out 95% of 0. 3 micron wide winter flu viruses. WHO recommends strictly using these masks when in the exact vicinity (within 3 feet) of a potentially infected man or women. Also the masks should be disposed off, after one single use. Another set of very powerful, protective masks are Derived Air-Purifying Respirators (PAPRs). These are used by persons who is unable to wear N-95 masks, like people with facial hair.
There is a great deal more to mask usage than just filtering out viruses. Masks can also help in many indirect ways apart from blocking flu virus viruses directly, however we must bear in mind an unfortunate fact that certainly no mask is a guarantee against protecting its user on the viruses. It’s just that they dramatically cut down the opportunity of infection. There is no single way of preventing bird disease until a generic vaccine is developed. Until then simply we’ll have to rely on a combination of various measures to keep personally safe.